Congestion Reduction in Europe - Advancing Transport Efficiency
Duration: June 2015 - May 2018
Funding: HORIZON 2020
EIP's role in the project
EIP is leading the analysis on Stakeholder Needs on how to tackle urban congestion. EIP creates also the framework of the research for urban congestion in cities across Europe: from concept to legacy.
EIP's objectives in this project are to:
Develop a common agreement on the measures of urban congestion and network performance, covering all modes and street users, to be used in CREATE for comparative purposes throughout the project.
Analyze the major stakeholders' requirements from the tasks carried out within CREATE, in particular taking into account the needs of all cities, to ensure that the documents generated by the project meet the practical needs of the cities.
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The CREATE project addresses the topic of Tackling Urban Road congestion within the Mobility for Growth, part of the H2020 programme. The project is considered part of the flagship programme of EC CIVITAS - the umbrella programme for research and demonstration of innovative sustainable mobility solutions in European cities.
Recently, different cities across Europe experienced growth in population and income, while the car ownership and use decreased. These cities become more attractive for the inhabitants that experience a higher living standard. In the same time, there are other cities across Europe that are still having problems with high car ownership and use levels, reduced network capacity, in short, high levels of congestion.
With five cities in 'Western' Europe (Berlin, Copenhagen, London, Paris and Vienna), and five cites in 'Eastern' Europe and the Euro-Med region (Adana, Amman, Bucharest, Skopje and Tallinn), CREATE sets out to address four issues:
How the way in which the 'congestion' debate is framed in a city fundamentally affects how the transport system performance is measured and influences public and political perceptions of traffic/transport problems and potential solutions.
The existence of a fifty-year 'Transport Policy Evolution Cycle' that is observable in Western European cities, and in some more economically advanced cities in other parts of the world, which gradually shifts the policy emphasis and investment priorities away from accommodating traffic growth ('pro-car') to promoting a liveable city and discouraging motorised traffic.
Exploration of possible mobility futures under conditions of rapidly growing urban populations and a 'densification' of mobility, and the policy measures which can achieve congestion reduction, promote sustainable mobility and meet wider policy objectives, aided by innovative advances in technologies and changes in social and business practices.
Facilitating the 'policy transfer' of insights gained from investigating ideas 1 to 3 in economically advanced European cities to cities in Central and Eastern Europe and the Euro-Med region, which are currently coping with rapid growth in car ownership, road traffic and in traffic congestion, and promoting 'pro-car' policies — to help them in short-circuiting the historical 'Transport Policy Evolution Cycle', while recognising the aspiration to own a car.